Проект на тему : «Чай и чаепитие в Англии: вчера и сегодня.»
Практическая значимость данной работы состоит в том, что разработанная программа может быть использована в классах с углубленным изучением английского языка, с одаренными детьми (как дополнительные уроки).
Место и роль чая в английской жизни.
Tea is one of the most important parts of English life….
The English drink tea with milk, pouring the milk first, and then the tea, without adding extra water.
The famous English writer George Orwell proposed his own golden rules for brewing tea:
Tea only appeared in England in the middle of the seventeenth century from China.
In the seventeenth century, the English became interested in the drink.
The first records of tea being bought in London shops start appearing at the beginning of the 1650s. The first known advertisement announcing the sale of tea is in a copy of the English newspaper Mercurius Politicus from 1658.
Tea was used for medicinal purposes.
Tea became a social drink, to a significant extent taking this role away from alcoholic drinks.
In the seventeenth century, people were still drinking tea after the Chinese fashion: served in small Eastern bowls and brewed in small important teapots.
First the English liked their tea (green tea)sweet and added either sugar or honey to it.
Paradoxically, the first tea served in public places was sold in coffee houses. Coffee houses first appeared in the 1650; the first of traditionally thought to have opened in Oxford, than in London.
The English thought that tea is:
How did tea make its way from far off China into the cups of the ordinary English?
In the eighteenth century, tea finally became the national drink throughout England.
The high price of tea , caused by the length and difficulty of transporting it to England, the sale price grew noticeably as a result of the large tax set on it by the government (which by 1784 was 119%).
In the 18-th century the illegal trade in tea took on gigantic proportions. Smugglers working on their own, in groups , sometimes under the patronage of government figures brought up to half of the tea drunk in the country.
And finally, great success was enjoyed by the producers of so – called (false-подделка ) tea in other words with something added in.
In 1706, Thomas Twining opened a coffee house which also sold tea. It became a shop selling tea and tea shop.
Tea was brewed and poured by the mistress of the house.
The teaspoon played a large part, some of them even bearing a number so that the hostess did not get mixed up when topping up cups.
The tea ritual required special equipment: tea rooms, tea houses, tea furniture, tea services, tea gowns)
The Europeans particularly liked blue and white porcelain .
In the 19-th century, tea traditions in England became inviolable laws:
Much attention was also paid to the subjects of conversation while drinking tea. Conversation was the key component of the English «tea ceremony».
Everything on the table had to come together perfectly: the tea service, the tablecloth, the napkins, the flowers in the vase, the crockery and even, ideally, the refreshments.
………..in iron boxes in aristocratic houses.
Nowadays the English prefer Indian tea over others
In London tea traditions remain, they are extremely upper-class and expensive.
In the South of England there are also the so-called cream teas.
English tea is still the best.